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General Info - History

Bushkill Township is located in northcentral Northampton County. Until formation on August 13, 1813, the land area of Bushkill Township was part of its parent municipality, Plainfield Township. Before that time, the area of Bushkill Township was often referred to as "The Plains." On the north the Township is bordered by the Blue Mountain and Monroe County, with the Appalachian Trail running all along the summit of Blue Mountain. Plainfield Township and the Borough of Wind Gap border in the northeast, with Plainfield Township extending along the east to the Borough of Stockertown at the southeastern corner. The lengthy western border is with Moore Township, and the shorter southern border is with Upper Nazareth Township, just north of the Borough of Nazareth. The Township is approximately 25 square miles and has over 55 miles of municipal roadways.

Bushkill Creek, a High Quality-Cold Water Fishery, *bisects the Township from the northwest to the southeast, and was once the source of power for numerous mills found within the Township and downstream. Sobers Run, an Exceptional



Value* stream, is entirely within Bushkill Township and was an important source of water for farms and mills along its course to the Bushkill Creek. Both streams support native and wild reproducing trout populations, and both exhibit beautiful wooded greenways, which in recent years have become a focal point for land preservation within the Township. Many greenway areas now contain public trails and select properties have been opened for public fishing; all accomplished through the Township's Open Space Program and various funding partners.

Following centuries as an agricultural community, Bushkill Township began to grow into a thriving rural residential community during the later part of the 20th Century. Jacobsburg State Park and Environmental Education Center, which lies in the central portion of the Township, was established for public recreation and as one of only four environmental education centers in the Commonwealth. In 1972, the Jacobsburg Historical Society was formed to guide and oversee the historic preservation and public use of the Henry Homestead (now the Pennsylvania Longrifle Museum), Henry Gun Factory remains, and the John Joseph Henry House, located in the southeastern portion of the Township.

According to the 2010 census, nearly 8,200 people reside in Bushkill Township. Since 2007, the Township has funded its own Open Space Program which as preserved over 1,000 acres of natural area and farmland. Ongoing projects includes several trail projects connecting to Jacobsburg Environmental Education Center and beyond, as well as development of natural area properties for passive recreational uses such as hiking, biking, fishing, and picnicking. These projects and a strong commitment to high quality public service, with our own Police Department, Public Works Department, and Emergency Management Services, make Bushkill Township a great place to live and raise a family!

*Chapter 93, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection



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